The Role of Air-Cooled Chillers in Data Center Cooling

In the digital age, data centers are the backbone of information technology infrastructure, housing critical servers and networking equipment. Ensuring the optimal operation of these facilities requires efficient cooling solutions to manage the substantial heat generated. Air-cooled chillers, equipped with advanced technologies like the microchannel condenser, play a pivotal role in maintaining the ideal temperature within data centers. This article delves into how air-cooled chillers contribute to data center cooling and their advantages over other cooling methods.

Critical Cooling Requirements in Data Centers

Heat Generation and Management

Data centers are densely packed with high-performance servers and storage devices, all of which generate significant amounts of heat. Effective heat management is essential to prevent overheating, which can lead to equipment failures, data loss, and reduced operational efficiency. Maintaining a stable, cool environment is crucial for the reliability and longevity of data center hardware.

Continuous Operation

Data centers operate 24/7, requiring continuous and reliable cooling systems. Any disruption in cooling can have catastrophic effects, including downtime and potential loss of data. Therefore, the cooling solutions employed must be robust, efficient, and capable of running uninterrupted to ensure the safe operation of critical IT infrastructure.

Advantages of Air-Cooled Chillers

Energy Efficiency

Air-cooled chillers are known for their energy-efficient operation. Utilizing ambient air to dissipate heat, they eliminate the need for water resources, which can be both costly and environmentally burdensome. Modern air-cooled chillers equipped with microchannel condensers enhance this efficiency further. The microchannel design maximizes heat transfer surface area, allowing for more effective cooling with lower energy consumption. This efficiency is particularly beneficial in data centers, where energy costs can be a significant portion of operational expenses.

Scalability and Flexibility

Air-cooled chillers offer excellent scalability, making them suitable for data centers of varying sizes. Whether it’s a small data room or a massive hyperscale facility, air-cooled chillers can be tailored to meet specific cooling needs. Their modular design allows for easy expansion as the data center grows, ensuring that cooling capacity can be scaled up without significant infrastructure changes. This flexibility is a key advantage for data centers experiencing rapid growth and fluctuating cooling demands.

Role of Microchannel Condensers

Enhanced Heat Dissipation

Microchannel condensers are a breakthrough in heat exchanger technology. Their innovative design features numerous small channels that significantly increase the surface area for heat transfer. This design enables more efficient heat dissipation from the refrigerant to the ambient air, improving the overall performance of air-cooled chillers. In a data center environment, where consistent and efficient cooling is paramount, microchannel condensers ensure that the chiller operates at optimal efficiency, maintaining the necessary temperatures to protect critical equipment.

Reduced Footprint and Maintenance

The compact nature of microchannel condensers allows for a smaller chiller footprint, which is a significant benefit in space-constrained data centers. Additionally, the robust design and materials used in microchannel condensers reduce the need for frequent maintenance and servicing. This durability translates to lower operational costs and less downtime for maintenance activities, contributing to the overall reliability and efficiency of data center cooling systems.

Environmental Considerations

Water Conservation

One of the standout benefits of air-cooled chillers is their elimination of water usage. Data centers using traditional water-cooled systems require substantial amounts of water for cooling, posing environmental and logistical challenges, especially in areas with limited water resources. Air-cooled chillers, with their air-based cooling mechanism, conserve water, aligning with sustainability goals and reducing the environmental impact of data center operations.

Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The energy-efficient operation of air-cooled chillers also contributes to lower greenhouse gas emissions. By reducing energy consumption, these chillers help minimize the carbon footprint of data centers. The incorporation of microchannel condensers further enhances this environmental benefit, as their superior efficiency reduces the overall power demand of the cooling system.

Conclusion: Ensuring Reliable Data Center Operations

Air-cooled chillers, particularly those equipped with microchannel condensers, are integral to the effective cooling of modern data centers. Their energy efficiency, scalability, and environmental benefits make them an ideal choice for managing the significant heat loads generated by high-density IT equipment. By ensuring reliable and continuous cooling, air-cooled chillers help maintain optimal operating conditions, safeguard critical infrastructure, and support the overall mission of data centers to provide uninterrupted digital services.

The polarization encouraged far-right forces to riot in the midterm elections

Think continues working in the documentation for his next project, which will be related to the polarization of American society and the resurgence of anfar-right mentality. This new phenomenon is also spreading to other countries of the world. All the information is being achieved by talking with the protagonists of the news and experts who independently share their vision.

One of the most difficult and complex chapters to be portrayed objectively, was the incident of January 6, 2021, when the White House was stormed by far-right Trump supporters, such as the Proud Boys, which are being called to testify.

Members of the House Freedom Caucus helped plan Trump’s attempt to overturn the election.  They attended a meeting at the White House on Dec. 21, 2020 in which, at least, 11 lawmakers discussed efforts to spill the election resultsand helped spread false information, according to testimony and records obtained by the committee.

And one of the groups that drove this effort is the Falun Gong sect, related with The Epoch Times.Falun Gong, a religious movement embroiled in a decades-long conflict with the Chinese government, has become a political asset in the Trump era due to its long-standing propagation of communist conspiracy theories.

At the time, reputable media such as The New York Times has reported that The Epoch Times used fake accounts to campaign for Trump during the 2016 election through its company Beautiful Life. Moreover, after they spent about $11 million on Facebook ads in 2019, the platform banned them for violating rules on political advertising transparency.

In April, at the height of its ad spending, videos from Epoch Media Group counted about 3 billion views on Facebook, YouTube and Twitter, ranking 11th among all video creators across all platforms and outpacing all other traditional news publishers, according to data from social media analytics firm Tubular.

This engagement made The Epoch Times one of the favorites for the Trump family and a key component of the president’s re-election campaign. According to the Washington Post, reporters at The Epoch Times have received special access from the Trump administration: One America News and The Epoch Times were among the only media outlets with access to Georgia’s voting audience in the 2020 election.

Once thevote counts were published, the website questioned the legitimacy of the 2020 election (neither journalists nor Trump’s legal team have uncovered credible evidence of widespread voter fraud). They also peddle a number of conspiracy theories as the one they supported in 2018 with the“full rundown” of Spygatethat claims an Obama’s administration spy attempted to thwart Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign.

There was great concern in The Epoch Times when Biden finally won the 2020 election. At the same time, to avoid trouble with Democrats over their earlier smear campaign against President Biden, Epoch Times executives decided at one point that they should keep a low profile internally and “drop the close relationship with Trump.”

The truth is, however, that January 6, 2021 gave the Epoch Times another chance.

Angelo Carusone, president and CEO of Media Matters for America, said that by exploiting the deep partisan polarization in U.S. politics and the long anti-Communist tradition of the American right, these media outlets, led by Epoch Times, have sought to link Biden and the Democratic Party to radical left-wing movements like Antifa.

Epoch Times pointed to a strong contender in the Democratic Party,an opportunistic rehash of existing conspiracy narratives – was characteristic of these outlets. “They’re not drivers, they’re not weaving new conspiracy theories, they’re amplifying what’s already out there,” Carusone said.

While the Proud Boys and QAnon have been punished by law, the Epoch Times remains at large. With the 2022 midterm elections in full swing, Carusone said, the intensification of conspiratorial messages in the Epoch Times’ output and its embrace of Trumpism could make them even more damaging to the United States.

Despite being banned from Facebook and unable to place many ads on the platform, The Epoch Times did not give up on other platforms and actively published hundreds of articles about the midterm elections on its website, including dozens of articles about Trump’s “high” approval rating (regardless of the actual situation).

In fact, in addition to obfuscating the midterm elections to attract Republicans for patronage, The Epoch Times and Falun Gong behind it appear to be undermining the American situation in even more egregious ways by opposing abortion and condemning homosexuality and feminism.

Media Contact:

Ángel Tapia

Hello Think

angel@hellothink.es

Best Cities in the UK Not Named ‘London’

Most people who consider visiting the UK correctly pick London as a top destination. The longtime capital city and seat of government are rich in history and culture. But not everyone wants to spend a long time in a city whose population numbers more than 9 million people.

Dr. Oscar John Ma is a noted world traveler who especially loves to visit the UK. The following are four of what Dr. Ma considers to be the best cities in the UK that are not named “London.”

Edinburgh

The capital city of Scotland is nearly 400 years old and among the most beautiful destinations in the UK. Edinburgh blends Middle Ages architecture with modern neoclassical buildings that make it a truly wondrous sight to behold.

Edinburgh Castle houses Scotland’s crown jewels and the Stone of Destiny, which was used to coronate Scotland’s rulers. Edinburgh Dungeon features medieval tools of corporal punishment with actors helping to provide a dramatic and educational experience.

Edinburgh also is noted for its many festivals and contains numerous museums, art galleries, and monuments that help to make Edinburgh an exceptional city to visit and experience.

York

Romans founded York in the 13th century in northeastern England. The walled city is located at the confluence of the Ouse and Foss rivers in North Yorkshire County. You can walk its medieval wall and visit numerous museums that help to highlight the city’s importance and history dating back some 600 years.

York contains the York Minster, which is one of the oldest and most visited cathedrals still in existence. York Minster first was built in the 7th century with hand-crafted stones and ornate stained-glass windows. You also can visit Castle Howard and many other well-preserved medieval buildings, some of which date back more than 1,000 years.

Dublin

Dublin is located on the eastern shore of Ireland and separated from England by the Irish Sea. The city is the capital of the Republic of Ireland and has many outstanding medieval buildings and museums says Dr. O John Ma.

Dublin Castle and St. Patrick’s Cathedral dates back to the 12th and 13th centuries and remains as impressive as ever. Dublin also is known for its musical heritage and its collection of outstanding museums and parks.

Liverpool

Anyone who loves modern rock and roll music will want to make the pilgrimage to Liverpool. Four young lads from Liverpool set the musical world on its ear in the early 1960s. The Beatles remain one of the most beloved and influential rock and roll bands of all time. And Liverpool is steeped in musical history.

You can visit the early locations where the Beatles played before becoming the huge success for which the band is remembered. You also can visit outstanding museums and entertainment venues. And if you visit Dublin, you can take the to or from Liverpool.

Dr. Oscar John Ma is a retired emergency physician who enjoys golf, sports writing, and editing. He always is happy to share his unique insights on a variety of topics while helping others to become more knowledgeable. 

Peptides- Types, Formation, and Functions

What are peptides, and how do they work?

Peptides are amino acid chains that are short in length. In peptides, peptide bonds connect two or fifty amino acids.

This kind of covalent connection is termed a peptide bond when two successive amino acid molecules are joined together by removing a water molecule and forming a covalent bond between C1 of one amino acid and N2 of another amino acid. The following is a breakdown of peptide bond formation:

As a result, we may state that peptides are created by connecting between two and fifty amino acids with peptide bonds and then removing water molecules from the mixture.

“Peptide” has been derived from the Greek word peptos (digested).

Oligopeptides are peptide chains with less than 10 to fifteen amino acids. Oligopeptides include dipeptides, tripeptides, tetrapeptides, and the like.

Unbranched polypeptidic chains of amino acids up to around 50 are known as polypeptides or polypeptide chains. A cell’s proper functioning relies on peptides. Also, molecular biology studies them. Nucleic acids, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, and oligomers are biological polymers.

Because they are both made up of amino acids, peptides and proteins are the same things, although peptide chains are shorter than protein chains. Proteins are polypeptides that include more than 50 amino acids.

At the endpoints of peptide chains, all peptides contain an N-terminal and a C-terminal peptide residue. Circular peptides, however, are an exception. N-terminal refers to the free amine group at the beginning of a polypeptide. C-terminal refers to the free carboxyl group at the conclusion of a polypeptide chain.

Peptide Types and Classes

Peptides are categorized based on their origins and functions. A few of its major classes have been covered in the following sections —

Ribosomal Peptides – Proteolysis is used to break down ribosomal peptides. They act as hormones in higher organisms. Antimicrobial peptides, tachykinin peptides, vasoactive intestinal peptides, pancreatic polypeptides, and more kinds exist.

Peptones are produced when milk and animal proteins are broken down. They’re used to cultivate fungus and bacteria for a variety of reasons.

Milk peptides are produced when milk protein is digested. They may also develop as a result of milk fermentation.

Dipeptides are peptides made up of two amino acids linked by a single peptide bond. Carnosine, anserine, and other amino acids are examples.

Tripeptides – These peptides are made up of three amino acids linked together by two peptide bonds. Glutathione, ophthalmic acid, and other antioxidants are examples.

Oligopeptides are peptides made up of more than two but fewer than 20 amino acids linked together by peptide bonds. Netropsin, amanitin, and other similar proteins are examples.

Peptides are classified as monopeptides, dipeptides, tripeptides (as described above), tetrapeptides, pentapeptides, hexapeptides, heptapeptides, octapeptides, nonapeptides, and decapeptides based on the number of amino acids they contain. If any of these compounds are of interest to you for research purposes, you may buy quality peptides online.

Peptide formation

In order to create peptides, two amino acids are linked together by peptide bonds. Let’s have a look at the production of a dipeptide to better comprehend peptide formation. Two amino acids approach each other and establish a covalent connection between C1 – carbon of carboxylic acid and N2 – nitrogen atom of an amino acid group by removing the water molecule. There are two amino acids that are depleted of their Hydrogen Atoms (H) and Hydroxyl Groups (OH). Basically, it’s a condensation reaction that’s happening. An amino acid-amino acid covalent bond (-CO-NH-) or linkage is the term used to describe it. Peptide bond formation requires energy. During the dehydration synthesis process, the water molecules are eliminated.

How to Properly Grow Apple Trees

Gardening is a wide, broad hobby that many people take on for different reasons. Some people begin gardening because they appreciate the colour and life that the right flowers can bring to a small space. Other people begin gardening because they want to have their own home-grown fruits, vegetables, and herbs. One of the most common fruits, especially in the UK, that people grow in their gardens is the apple. Apples are hardy, versatile, and a good beginner plant to start out with. If this is your first time looking at apple trees in the UK, you will first want to get a good understanding of how to grow your apple tree properly. From there, you can begin your search for apple trees for sale from a reputable supplier, such as Chris Bowers & Sons.

Finding Your Roots

First things first, you will want to find a spot in your garden for your apple tree. Depending on what apple trees for sale you are looking at, you may choose to plant a dwarf tree or a full-sized tree. Dwarf trees are often better for smaller spaces, as they do not have the same height requirements as a full-sized tree does. If you are planting a typical apple tree, you will want to try and find an area where your tree’s roots will be able to spread far and wide. This will help ensure that your new apple tree gets the nutrients that it needs as it grows and produces fruit. From here, you will want to take the appropriate measures to care for the tree during its younger stages.

Apple trees can attract plenty of pests to your yard, so you will want to make sure that you have the equipment needed to keep the area around the tree free of weeds, plant debris, and anything else that could deprive the tree of nutrients. With all the nutrients the tree needs, it will be strong enough to fight off many pests that come the tree’s way. During pest season, you should consider finding a safe pest spray or dormant oil to protect the tree. Always remember to follow any spray’s instructions down to the letter. By doing this, you can ensure that your tree will be as safe as possible as it grows and begins to bear fruit. Now that you know how to care for an apple tree properly, it is time to begin looking at the different apple trees for sale.

Finding the Tree for You

As you begin your search for apple trees for sale, you may not know the best area to search for trees. You may not know what kind of tree to get, or even what kinds of fruit trees are available. Thankfully, there are some places, such as https://chrisbowers.co.uk/ that offer a number of apple trees in the UK stock that you can choose from. With as many trees as are offered by Chris Bowers & Sons, you will surely find an apple tree that suits your yard and your desire for apples.

Importance of testosterone and ways to maintain it.

Testosterone is an important hormone in males as it is responsible for adult growth. It is also called masculine hormone or hormone that is responsible for manliness. Lower levels of testosterone in the male body can be problematic because as a consequence, males will tend to lose hairs, would not be able to grow a beard, will have a weaker sex drive, will have to deal with erectile dysfunction, will have mood swings and will feel tired all the time. If males can maintain proper levels of testosterone, then they will have the opposite of the above-mentioned problems. There are many ways in which one can increase one’s level of testosterone, one can also check out the IV Nutrition Service.

Other ways of increasing testosterone.

  1. Exercise

Being physically active is important for the human body. It is not just about testosterone but the overall health of the human body. Therefore, regular exercise is a must for everyone. Exercises such as weightlifting that is used to build muscles will greatly benefit testosterone as more muscles account for more testosterone. Also, muscles contribute a lot to the strength of the human body which is a clear sign of manliness and rage and these are some of the features that come with this hormone.

  1. Quality Sleep

Having quality sleep is important. Now, there is a level of vagueness to the word quality because how can we measure quality? The answer is having a proper sleep schedule and resting your body enough that it recharges itself to perform better. There are plenty of dos and don’ts that you can follow to achieve quality sleep and make sure you get some if you want to increase your testosterone levels.

  1. Proper Diet

Proper eating is another important aspect of not just for testosterone but for your overall health. Cruciferous vegetables such as sprouts and broccoli are good for your male hormone, furthermore, drinking pomegranate juice is also found to be increasing testosterone levels in male bodies. Therefore, follow a proper diet if you want to maintain good levels of testosterone.

  1. Supplements

Vitamin D is good for increasing the sexual drive in males and sunlight is one of the major sources of Vitamin D and having sunlight in proper intervals is good for human bodies. There are many other natural supplements for increasing testosterone such as Zinc, Magnesium, Ashwagandha, etc. that you should look for before any therapies.

  1. Manage Stress

Stress is a killer. It can kill your testosterone levels and that is why it is necessary to manage stress. Now, it is impossible to never feel stressed in our lives as we all encounter situations where having one is inevitable. However, one can always find ways to manage it such as meditation. Meditation can help in not just managing stress but contribute towards your overall mental health.

Maintaining proper levels of testosterone for males is necessary as it is responsible for various functions such as sexual drive and strength. Therefore, follow the above-mentioned ways to increase the male hormone if you fall below the curve.

Tips for Picking up a Trampoline in the Sales

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Finding the right trampoline for your backyard is not as simple as you think, especially because numerous options are available. 

Checking the different models on the market can be highly overwhelming because you will not know where to start. 

You can find numerous sizes, models, and options for your family, which is why you should learn every single step along the way. As soon as you enter here, you can understand more about safety measures. 

Remember that the most critical factor you should consider is the size since it should fit your yard based on your space. Therefore, you should first measure your yard, which can give you a chance to determine the best course of action.

They range in sizes, which means that you can find models between eight and up to thirteen feet in diameter, and even more if you wish to get a customized option.

Therefore, you should determine the exact location you wish to place it in your backyard. It is vital to ensure that the backyard does not feature slopes, fences, debris, and branches in the area you wish to install.

Besides, you should think about additional space for safe clearance around it, which is why you should consider a few things about it before you make up your mind.

  • Space should be even and flat, which means that you should do something about it or avoid buying it altogether if you do not have level ground. The worst thing you can do is install it on a slope because it will damage and lead to potential accidents as a result.
  • Clean the area from debris and other obstacles
  • The minimum height of clearance should be at least six metres from the ground, which is why you should avoid placing it next to branches or trees.
  • The safe clearance space should be at least 1.5 metres on all sides.

Determine Who Will Jump on It

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Models you wish to find on the market depend on who will use them in the first place. For instance, you can purchase children-friendly options even for young ones that are younger than seven years old. 

On the other hand, in case you want to use it yourself, we recommend you to think about maximum weight beforehand.

Keep in mind that maximum user weight is based on how high you jump and how heavy you are. Therefore, it is an assurance that you will not touch the ground while bouncing, which is an important consideration to remember.

Each model comes with a label that will state the maximum user weight. In case you wish to use it yourself, we recommend you to get a large model. You can find trampoline sales available online that will help you determine the best model for your needs. 

The Type 

When it comes to type, you should know that trampolines come in two different options: springless and spring-based models.

The newest and more expensive models come without springs, which means that they use flexible composite rods below a bouncing surface. That way, you can prevent potential issues and enjoy more comfortable bouncing.

At the same time, springless models are more durable, which is another advantage of owning them. 

On the other hand, models with springs are more affordable, but you will not achieve the same level of longevity as the springless models.

Safety Features

You should know that safety is one of the most critical factors, especially if you wish to get it for your children. Keep in mind that models come with a wide array of safety features, while some are mandatory, such as enclosure pads and net.

  • Hidden Frame – The frame should be beneath the surface so that you can avoid hitting it, which is an excellent option for additional security.
  • Mat Rods – Remember that some models feature flexible composite rods beneath, which means that you can prevent potential accidents from happening.
  • Absorbent Mat – You can also find the shock-absorbent mat that will remove all hard edges on the surface.
  • Net Enclosure – Enclosure means that you will get cushion jumpers and other safety measures to ensure that you stay safe wherever you bounce.

You should check out this link: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/8-signs-you-need-a-trampo_b_11105166 to learn about signs that you should get a trampoline.

Owning a trampoline is the easiest way to ensure that your loved ones stay outside while being active at the same time. The advanced models come with digital interaction features that will boost enjoyment while simultaneously encouraging learning and playing.

Male Strippers in Nashville: When did this Profession Start?

Male Strippers in Nashville: When did this Profession Start?

When the movie Magic Mike wiggled its way to more or less $50 million at the box office in its first week, it was not the first time that men are stripping on the silver screen. Male stripper stories have been a recurring plotline in most movies in recent decades, shedding their clothes in every movie, from Full Monty to Summer School. 

Not only that, even television series and memorable Saturday Night Live acts have been caught up with this phenomenon. These past years, even the New York Times declared male stripping has finally hit the mainstream. The big question is, “When did stripping for men started professionally?”

You know what comes after the stripper life is over? Visit https://www.thrillist.com/entertainment/nation/stripper-confessionals-what-strippers-do-when-their-careers-are-over for more information

The 1970’s

While big, muscled men have been paid for flexing their pectorals and showing off their toned and ripped bodies since the late 19th century, it is only in the ’70s that stripping for money became a profession for both genders. Before 1970, there are only a few known reports of men working as a stripper. 

The early appearance of the word “male stripper” came out in 1973 outside Big Ben. Another early appearance comes in a 1974 report, mentioning men working as a stripper during a “Marginally Illegal Occupations and Work Systems” reports.

Through the mid to late ’70s, men who work as a stripper were likely to receive citations for public indecency. But at the end of the decade, male dancers have become a regular attraction at strip clubs all over the United States. There are strip clubs that have a few nights every month for exclusive make stripping shows, usually with “ladies only” audience.

Between the mid-’70s and early ’80s clubs went from having a couple of strippers or dancers to having at least a couple of clubs with dozens of male dancers. In the start of the ’80s, traveling groups were stripping their clothes in places as far as Nashville, Tennessee, where bachelorette parties are starting to be popular. 

Clubs in Nashville TN male strippers are beginning to overflow with ladies, who are either in that club to celebrate their birthdays, bachelorette party or just having a night out with her group of friends. For example, the Concord Performance used a prevalent strategy of limiting its clientele to ladies.

They charge women $1, while they charge $15 for men. Usually, men who performed fully dressed at first, and as they danced with the music, they start to strip their clothes one-by-one. Gay strip clubs began to operate around the same time. By the mid-’70s, the Gaiety Theatre in New York featured stripping men to entertain other men. 

Unlike other shows that are centered towards entertaining women, the shows are regularly featuring men doing full-frontal nudity on the shows. But still, these shows were quite similar to the shows entertaining straight men or women, although there is a big chance that you will see drag, as well as other gender-play shows.

Gay or straight, a lot of people are still unsure of what to make off with this new phenomenon. The sudden growth of male shows, as well as men strip clubs, took place while a massive cultural movement is also happening. That includes feminism’s second wave, the dramatic rise of LGBT pride, as well as the sexual revolution. 

Popular women’s magazine, Playgirl, started in the early ’70s as a feminist answer to men’s magazines like Penthouse and Playboy. But despite all of the improvements in the situation, male stripping is still facing a lot of resistance for various communities, groups and organizations. 

Religious groups, feminist organizations, even gay groups, are still questioning the morality and legality of male stripping. There are also recorded cases where club operators and organizers are being sued because of discrimination and refusal to admit male clients in their shows. 

It was not long ago before television, and the silver screen caught on with the hype. In 1979, the New York Times made their first mention of male strippers, when their article described the television show The Misadventures of Sheriff Lobo. 

In this television show, a corrupt sheriff and his cohorts agree to protect a disco club and are surprised with the fact that the club they are protecting is a male stripper club. Clubs showing male strippers have become a popular television and movie plots throughout the ’80s, starting with Ladies only, a 1981 NBC television show. It continued with movies like A Night in Heaven, a 1983 movie by Christopher Atkins.

Click here to know the reason why the movie industry is a little hypocritical about stripping.

Before the ’70s the male body was usually eroticized in the movie and television entertainment, but its sex appeal was seldom shown as an explicit attraction. Even if people consider it as one, there is a small chance that the attraction will involve dancing. 

During the late 19th century, vaudevillian organizers figure out that if they invited fans during show breaks, they found out that the fans like to see muscular men in their sexy outfit. During that time, an actor by the name Henry E. Dixey appeared in a risqué musical called Adonis, and at the end of the show, he appeared on stage wearing nothing but skintight white underwear. 

Pageant for men who like bodybuilding called Mr. America became very popular in the middle of the century. Some of these men would dance behind famous personalities like Jayne Mansfield. But despite all of these, the contribution of males in these performances was not usually sexually explicit. 

A dozen male dancers and strippers in their underwear would start dancing in cages, bars or clubs in the ’80s, but again, they don’t usually show their private parts. All over the world, strip clubs are starting to appear as sex show attractions. Pornographic movies are also beginning to appear in the early 1900s. But only at the middle of the 20th century (60’s and 70’s) that pornographic theaters can legally show pornographic films. 

Before men can show stripping in television shows, movies or on stage, they had to be eroticized. Studies suggest that male strippers are less likely to enter the prostitution industry, although there is a big chance that they will date their clients. When asked whether they will recommend their job to people they know, all the male subjects responded yes.

Indonesia raises Bali volcano alert to highest level

THE NUMBER of tremors recorded at Bali’s Mt Agung volcano has increased again late Saturday after a lull during the morning.

Authorities say they still cannot predict when the mountain will erupt but with the threat level at its highest, an emergency response period has been declared.

And Bali’s Ngurah Rai airport (Denpasar International Airport) is preparing an emergency operations centre, in the event of an eruption closing the busy airport.

The Operations Section Head of I Gusti Ngurah Rai Airport, Misranedi, said today that airports in Lombok and Surabaya, in East Java, were being prepared as alternatives, assuming they too were not affected.

Misranedi said that taxis and buses would be provided to take people to the Padangbai seaport so they could go by boat to Lombok or Surabaya.

“We are preparing our emergency operation center (EOC). In the EOC, we will coordinate with the BMKG, Air Navigation, and all related parties. When the eruption happens and the airport must be closed, we have prepared alternative airports, such as Lombok airport and Juanda airport. I hope the two airport will not be affected by the eruption,” Misranedi said.

According to police almost 28,000 villagers living Mt Agung volcano have now been evacuated to shelters.

Hundreds of tremors, from deep within Mt Agung, are now being recorded daily as the majestic mountain rumbles into action for the first time in five decades.

In the 12 hours, from midnight on Friday until noon today, a total of 198 tremors were recorded.

The threat level was increased to four on Friday night, by the Centre for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation agency, the third time in the past week the level has been raised.

And the exclusion zone was doubled to 12km from the summit, a calculation based on the track of ash cloud and lava from the last time Mt Agung erupted, back in 1963.

The head of the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation ( PVMBG), Kasbani, said today that very small tremors had been detected at Mt Agung since its last eruption in 1963. These started to increase markedly last month and this month had reached an extreme level.

“Four days after we raised the alert level to level three, (earlier this week) there were extraordinary tremors … the biggest since 1963. So, we raised the alert level to level four,” Hasbani said.

Early on Saturday the tremors had started to decrease but by the afternoon were increasing again.

“We could not predict when the mountain will erupt,” he said.

Nor could they predict how long the eruption will last. But based on the 1963 eruption, it could be erupting for a year.

“However, we don’t know whether the eruption now will be bigger or smaller. If we see the eruption in 1963, it could take one year,” Hasbani said.

He said the 1963 eruption had seen hot ash clouds gush out with extraordinary speed, reaching 14km to the north, 12km to the southeast and 12km to the south and southwest.

At that time, rocks and lava the size of a human head had rained down.

The National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) head, Willem Rampangilei, said all people in the region 9-12km from the mountain must evacuate.

“We have prepared 500,000 masks to anticipate volcanic ash which is very important, because the ash is very dangerous,” Rampangilei said today.

“This is a very complex work. We should work hard to minimise victims. We keep hoping that the eruption will not happen. However, we should be ready for the best scenario if the eruption does happen,” he said.

“We have declared that we are in emergency response period for next one month. I hope, the eruption will not happen.”

TRAVEL WARNING

DFAT has updated its travel advisory, warning tourists to monitor the situation closely and follow instructions of officials, saying an eruption could impact air travel.

Bali tourist officials have also become frustrated at exaggerated reporting causing panic among tourists. Mt Agung is about 72km from the densely populated tourist district of Kuta and concern is highest for those locals living in the villages surrounding the mountain itself. The main concern for tourists is the expected closure of the airport and delayed flights should the mountain erupt.

ANIMALS FLEE

Indonesian media is reporting that wild animals — including snakes and apes — are panicked by the stirring volcano and moving through settled areas.

It’s been a growing trend over the past three days, the Tribun Kaltim news service says.

“It may be hot on Mount Agung. So the animals (come) out and to the settlement,” it reports district identity Jro Mangku as saying.

Men from a traditional village in the volcano’s shadow believe the descent of animals from the top of the mountain is one of “seven signs” an eruption will occur. Small numbers begin to move up to three months before an eruption.

“Maybe this is a sign — the sign of the mountain will erupt. This condition is not as usual,” Jro Mangku reportedly said.

Such an animal exodus was observed before Mount Agung’s previous eruption in 1963.

Other signs locals have come to expect before an eruption are yet to emerge. For example, there is no evidence of fine ash yet, which can cause skin to itch.

GROWING HAZARD

The Volcano Observatory Notice for Aviation reports the volcano’s seismic activity has dramatically increased. “This number of seismicity is an unprecedented seismic observation at Agung volcano ever recorded by our seismic networks,” it said in a statement.

Earlier, the Department of Meteorology, Climate and Geophysics said in a statement there has been a “tremendous increase” in seismic activity at the mountain, indicating a greater probability of an eruption.

Indonesia’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said overnight that the hazardous zone had been increased from 9km to 12km, covering an area encompassing about 240,000 people and prompting further evacuations. He urged people to “calm down” and seek reliable information.

“Estimated danger zones are dynamic and are being continuously evaluated. (They) are subject to change at any time following the most recent observation data,” Indonesia’s volcano observation authority warned.

‘KILLER’ VOLCANO

Indonesia’s volcano monitoring body, MAGMA, warns Mount Agung’s eruptions are characteristicly explosive and effusive — resulting in deadly pyroclastic flows of ash, rock and lava.

“In case of eruption, the potential primary hazard that may occur within a radius of 9km is pyroclastic fall of size equal to or greater than 6cm,” its website states.

But its modelling for some of the terrain around the volcano also shows such flows could cover 10km in less than 3 minutes.

“If an eruption occurs, there is considerable disaster potential,” it warns. “People around Mount Agung also do not have enough experience to face the eruption because this volcano last erupted … 54 years ago.”

Agung last erupted in 1963, unpleasing deadly pyroclastic flows which killed about 1100 people and hurling ash as high as 10 kilometres.

It is just one of 130 active volcanoes in Indonesia, part of the Pacific “Ring of Fire” convergence of tectonic plates.

Emeritus professor Richard John Arculus of Australian National University has published a blog saying Mount Agung has produced some of the largest eruptions of the past 100 years.
“Our ability to predict eruptions has improved dramatically since this last event, so we can hope such a death toll will not occur again,” he writes.

“A primary line of evidence is the frequency and locations of earthquakes beneath the volcano, caused by upward flowing magma. Swelling and inflation of the volcano coupled with measurements of the temperatures and composition of gases emerging from the crater also give clues as to the likelihood of an eruption.

“So there is no need to be caught unawares by Mt Agung, providing the advice of the authorities, armed with expert assessments, is followed.”

 

Viewers shocked as Nicole Kidman and Alexander Skarsgard share intimate Emmys kiss

ONE blink-and-you’ll-miss-it moment from today’s Emmy Awards had viewers losing their minds – and it involved Aussie star Nicole Kidman.

No, our Nic wasn’t pulling focus with her unusual clapping technique – rather, it was a surprisingly intimate moment she shared with her Big Little Lies co-star Alexander Skarsgard.

As Skarsgard headed to the stage to accept his award for Best Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or a Television Movie, he stopped by Kidman, who played his wife in the series.

His arms around her waist, hers on his face, the two co-stars – whose racy sex scenes in the HBO series made headlines – kissed each other full on the lips, while Kidman’s husband Keith Urban looked on, clapping.

Reaction from viewers was unanimous: Wait, did we just see what we thought was saw?