The Man Who Sold Kazakhstan For His Own Independence

According to Forbes, in 2015 Bulat Utemuratov was the richest man in Kazakhstan, with a combined fortune of 2.6 billion dollars. Utemuratov built his fortune simply by acquiring ownership over public enterprises and then reselling them to Western corporations. He was able to do this by being a close friend and advisor to Kazakhstan’s strongman, Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Today, however, is not very clear who used whom. By selling important assets to Western corporations, Utemuratov became financially and politically independent from Nazarbayev, since his money is now in Western banks. Rumors are that he is willing to use his independence to play against Nazarbayev.

His plans to undermine his protector are threatened, though, by his past actions. Utemuratov is involved in a money laundering scheme currently under investigation in the Netherlands.

How it all began

Utemuratov’s career truly began in 1992, when the newly elected president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, asked him to go to Vienna to find business partners for the newly independent ex-Soviet republic. A loyal apparatchik, Utemuratov thought that he was being punished into exile. He soon found out that, on the contrary, this was the beginning of a new and very lucrative career – he became in fact Nazarbayev’s right hand.

Within a year after landing in Vienna, Utemuratov helped broker Kazakhstan’s first line of credit, from Creditanstalt. On the side, he was making his first million dollars by buying zinc and copper from Kazakh miners and reselling the metals abroad.

From that point onward, Utemuratov’s wealth began to grow, as did his influence on Nazarbayev, who was eventually proclaimed president for life.

The first two billion

Utemuratov made his first official entrance in the billionaires’ club in 2007, when he managed to sell ATF Bank to UniCredit Bank Austria AG for 2.3 billion dollars, the highest price ever paid for a Kazakh bank.

Utemuratov founded Almaty Trade-Finance Bank CJSC in June 1995. He renamed it ATF Bank JSC in 2002. He used the bank to further strengthen his connections with Nazarbayev’s family: Timur Kulibaev, ATF’s first chairman, is the husband of one of Nazarbayev’s three daughters, Dinara.

The 2.3 billion dollars were channelled into Verny Capital, a Kazakh private equity firm whose lead investor is none other than Bulat Utemuratov. In fact, Verny Capital was created in 2006 primarily to manage Utemuratov’s money.

From rich to richer

In 2011, Verny Capital sold its controlling stake in zinc producer Kazzinc JSC to Glencore International Plc. When Glencore went public, the transaction brought Utemuratov a healthy 3.2 billion dollars.

Given that Glencore, the world’s third-largest family business, has a reputation for unethical behavior, selling Kazzinc to Glencore created quite a stir in Kazakhstan. Several politicians, journalists and activists sent an open letter to Glencore’s investors:

“As representatives of Kazakhstan’s civil society, we are concerned about the above mentioned transactions and suspect that the purpose of these transactions is to disguise a process of money laundering by high-ranking Kazakhstan civil servants.

[…]Bulat Utemuratov, the former Head of Administration of the President of Kazakhstan, is a co-owner of KazZinc. Utemuratov is widely believed to be holding these assets for the benefit of Nazarbayev.”

Money laundering

It appears the Kazakh opposition is right: a money laundering scheme did indeed exist.

The public prosecutor’s office in Zwolle, the Netherlands, opened an investigation on the suspicion that Glencore paid millions of dollars in bribes to Utemuratov. Formally, the investigation runs against a Dutch trustee, who is accused by the authorities of money laundering. In this context, however, it is also about the business of Glencore in Kazakhstan.

At the center of the criminal investigations is a business in which Glencore, through a subsidiary in Nidwalden, has bought Kazzinc shares for over 20 million dollars from an off-shore company in Curaçao, for which the Caribbean company previously paid only 7.7 million dollars. The Dutch prosecutor’s office assumes that the price difference, ultimately at least 5 million dollars, got into Utemuratov’s pockets.

The Swiss authorities are helping the Dutch investigators, who are expected to proceed with questioning soon. If the investigation ends up going to court, it would be the first time that Utemuratov will face exposure of this kind.Source: https://www.oligarchsinsider.com/the-man-who-sold-kazakhstan-for-his-own-independence/

Advantages of Having A Personal Injury Attorney

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Have you recently sustained injuries from an avoidable accident? Is the insurance company of the party at default contacting you for a quick settlement of your claim? If this is the case, then Don’t Do It!

In fact, never talk to his/her insurance company until you consult your NJ personal injury attorney. You may completely be unfamiliar with the rates of compensations, but your seasoned lawyers are. 

If you get harmed in an accident, don’t talk to anyone except to answer quick questions from the police at the accident scene. To fully understand the value of having a personal injury attorney, here top five benefits of contracting an injury law firm.

Helps you in building a solid case

For you to get compensated for injuries sustained during an accident, it’s a legal requirement to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the accident occurred as a result of negligence from the other party.

Providing proof for your case is not an easy task, and that’s where your injury lawyer comes in. An injury lawyer will help you in collecting evidence such as:

  1. Collecting information from eyewitnesses,
  2. Analyzing your medical report, 
  3. Gathering information such as driving the history of at default party, 
  4. Examining the medical report of a default party, 
  5. Obtaining and analyzing police report and accident reports that details the events of the accident
  6. Hiring reconstruction accident expert to determine the sequence of events before, during, and after the crash.

A Personal injury attorney Understand the Legal Process.

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You might be unfamiliar with the legal requirements and procedures surrounding personal injury claim, but your attorney is not because he handles these types of claims daily.

Personal injury attorney knows how and when to file all the legal documents necessary for your claim, and they understand what the applicable statutes of limitation are. Furthermore, the attorney knows all the legal tricks that insurance companies use to defeat or under compensate claimants.

Attempting to follow a lawsuit on your own increases your chances of not getting the compensation you rightfully deserve on the grounds of legal technicalities or negligence due to a lack of legal knowledge. That exactly why you need a personal injury lawyer to stand by your side and make sure you are not taken advantage of.  

A personal injury lawyer has the motivation to help you

Personal injury attorneys mostly work on a contingency basis. Meaning they only get paid for every injury case they win. This is incredibly awesome since you have a well experienced and motivated lawyer working tirelessly to help you get the highest possible compensation from the at-default insurance company.

Furthermore, since the payment plan only allows for payment when a settlement is reached, the lawyers work around the clock to quickly settle your claim for them to get a pay check. After all, don’t we all work to get paid?

To learn more about the contingency payment plan, see this link: https://smallbusiness.chron.com/contingent-payment-work-12285.html 

An attorney has the experience of dealing with insurance companies

Taking a lawsuit against an insurance company is like going for a war. Undertaking such war by on your own is equivalent to showing up for a battle empty-handed without any weapons. No matter how well you prepare yourself, you won’t stand a chance of putting an intense fight.

Representing yourself in an injury lawsuit only gives the insurance company more confidence and power to dodge the compensation or at least under compensating since they have far more knowledge and bargaining power than you do.

Having a skilled and experienced personal injury attorney during such battle is the best weapon you can have for yourself to have a fair fight. An attorney is familiar with the claim process and will only ensure that your interests are well protected and dually served.

Attorney Knows the Value of Your Claim

Other than you and your immediate family members, it is only your injury attorney that has your best interest at heart when it comes to the correct valuing of your injury claims. The lawyers and insurance companies for the at-default party will take any small chance they get to devalue your claims.

An attorney will collect all the essential evidence to correctly equate the valuation of all of the compensation you rightfully deserve, for the past, present, and future. To accurately value your benefit, your lawyer will not only determine your economic damages such as medical bills but also the non-economic damages such as pain, suffering, etc. that you suffered during and after the incident.To learn more about the economic and non-economic damages, click here.

Posted in Law

The Best Synthetic Urine Tips

There are multiple usages for synthetic urine but the most common reason to buy it is to pass a drug test. It isn’t what the majority of people that are being tested will use as a method but the market is growing and we can see better products being made. When employers started testing people we didn’t have products like these and it was harder to cheat on it but nowadays we have a few methods that will work in 99% of cases.

Getting the best fake urine isn’t hard but you need to do some investigation online and check things that are related to your situation. Things like the time of delivery and how much you have until the test will matter. Knowing about drug tests will give you better insight into cheating on it so you should know other methods if something goes wrong. Look for the top article online that can give you additional information if you want to learn more.

Synthetic Urine Market

If you know people that went through this situation then they can give you some information about the process of taking a drug test. This is very important because it will give you some kind of confidence going in which is very important if you want to use this kind of product. There’s no place to being uncomfortable because testers can notice that something is wrong. They’ve been in those situations many times and they are prepared for it.

Large companies like Alliexpress, Amazon or Alibaba all have these products and they are the perfect location to compare them. It’s always better to buy from the company that makes the product but you should first check the reviews and ratings. You also need to decide what type of kit you want to buy. If it matters a lot for you to pass, then get a more expensive kit that can go up to $100. This is nothing compared to losing the job.

These kits go with a bottle of synthetic urine, belt and a tube or fake penis depending on the kit. The better the quality the more it will cost. Products that are more popular than others will work for sure but it also depends on you. The way you take care of the product is important because it may affect the outcome of testing if you don’t use it correctly.

Get more information here: http://www.c-koren.com/how-to-choose-the-best-synthetic-urine/

Hiding the Fake Urine

If you did your investigation and you know there won’t be tough supervision, the next step is to prepare the product. When you bought it, always try to put it on without using the fake urine. Just use the belt and place it so you can see if it is hidden well. Because testers know how you can hide it, it can’t be seen at any moment.

Try moving around with it because it may happen that it is loose or it loosens up over time. You don’t want that to happen at the testing because getting caught may have bigger consequences. It is actually against the law to cheat on these tests. When you try it you will be sure that you are ready to go and you won’t have any fear of failing.

Follow the Instructions

Following instructions is the perfect tip if you want to pass the test because everything will be provided to you when you get the synthetic urine. If you bought a quality product, it will come with a manual which will inform you how to prepare it in detail. This includes the temperature of fake urine, how to place the belt and what not to do.

Besides taking care of the product you need to follow instructions of the tester. If you do what they say without any complaining or asking many questions, you won’t look suspicious. They also would like that you pass it because they will have additional work if you fail. You only need a couple of hours to prepare and make a plan on how to cheat on it.

Issues You Might Have

The first issue people have with using synthetic urine is the fear of getting caught. This may be your worst problem because panicking will only increase the chances of failing. If you follow the instructions you shouldn’t have any problems with that and if you already decided to cheat you shouldn’t worry too much. The second thing you might have a problem is the product.

Some of the products that can be bought online are very poor quality. It’s crucial to know where you are getting it from and the expiry date. If the package you got is opened or you notice something unusual you should return it. It’s very important for the chemicals not to get exposed because it can easily ruin your chances of cheating.

If you have a problem with the tube, you can just remove it and place the sample in the cup. Find a trusted retailer that has a lot of positive reviews. When checking the product, use forums where people give an honest opinion. There will always be some bad comments but you can surely find what you need.

Urine Test Advantages and Disadvantages

One of the disadvantages is the low positive rate which means that in recent years there weren’t as many as positive results as before. The chance to see such a drop is low so the most obvious thing is to say that people have figured out a way to pass it anyway. It isn’t reliable is other types of drug testing like hair follicle which is up to 5 times more accurate. 

Click here to read more on types of drug testing..

It stays as number one type of drug test because it’s been used for a long time and it’s cheaper than other options. This will change in the future because we will have better testing technology. A good thing is that it can test a variety of drugs. It’s easily manipulated so at a certain point it won’t be beneficial to spend money on testing when everyone is going to pass.

How to reduce legal risk when firign an employee

You probably had really high hopes for the candidate you’re about to fire when you first hired them, but for whatever reason there may be a time when they have to be let go. For employers, they have the power to fire anyone so long as it’s not an illegal reason. However, even when there are legal reasons for firing someone, they can appear illegal depending on the circumstances.

Thankfully, attempts of lawsuits and legal risks can be avoided by taking some simple steps. Here are some questions that you should be asking yourself before going ahead with the firing of an employee.

Have your policies been correctly followed?

Before you consider firing an employee, one thing that you should definitely question is whether you’ve followed the policies that you’ve put in place. You need to make sure that every other employee has been treated the same way as the employee that you’re considering firing. This tends to be noted down in the employee handbook which both employees and employers should follow. The employee handbook helps to outline what disciplinaries take place if procedures are not followed which means if they are, the employee can make a case for being dismissed wrongfully.

Have issues been documented?

What’s critical in proving that you’ve rightfully dismissed your employee is documentation. Take advantage of employee reviews and meetings where the employee has been called in to discuss the matters and make notes of issues that have been going on. This also means reaching out to people that may have witnessed or been involved in the incidents that have occurred. If you feel the need to document photography and CCTV images then this can also be kept.

Has there been a recent complaint made by the employee?

Another thing that employers should be wary of is whether the employee who you’re considering firing has recently made a complaint about you or someone else in the organisation. This can appear extremely suspicious as firing them may seem as though you’re trying to cover something up and you’ve made the decision to fire them in retaliation to the reason they provided. This is why you should ensure that the reasons for firing are within reason.

Have correct payments been made to the employee?

Wages are documented to make sure that employees are entitled to their pay and they’ve been correctly paid for the hours they worked. If they haven’t and you fire the employee, they can use this reason to file a lawsuit against you. This will be a completely separate one to the case you may have filed, but they’ll still be entitled to every penny.

Consult with a lawyer

If you’ve reviewed these questions and feel as though you’re unsure about whether these are applicable to the situation or not, it may be worth consulting with Manchester solicitors about the issue. It can be risky if you were to fire an employee when some of the questions may apply. Losing a lawsuit can lead to settlement agreement solicitors being involved to make sure that your employee gets every penny that they’re owed.

Posted in Law

Top Mobile Games For 2019

Mobile gaming has evolved a lot in the last couple of years. With companies like Blizzard investing on the matter, it’s no secret why many gamers (whether if casual or competitive) are moving towards mobile gaming. Blizzard is just one big example of triple-A gaming companies approaching the mobile world, let’s see which other games are worth playing in this second half of 2019.

Number One: PUBG Mobile

Player Unknown Battlegrounds was one of the most popular Battle Royale games in 2017. With millions of players worldwide, its translation to mobile has definitely left a tangible trace in the gaming industry. PUBG mobile still counts millions of active users on mobile and it’s definitely very likely to grow even more in the nearest future.

Number Two: Fortnite

It couldn’t be a mobile gaming list without mentioning the (current) king of games: Fortnite. Everyone knows about the game but, what many ignore is how much money it’s actually making. Fortnite, as stated by many app developers, currently makes over $50 million a day in microtransactions. To reference, Fortnite alone is currently 35% of the entire App Store’s income.

Number Three: Shadowgun Legends

If you want a taste of how powerful mobile games’ graphics are, you should definitely check this one. With a setup which will remind everyone to Destiny, this first-person shooter offers a variety of character customisations and, most importantly, is not pay per win (but does contain a large number of in-app purchases available)

Number Four: Riptide GP, Renegade

A good futuristic racing game is what everyone likes to play. Riptide GP does, as well as Shadowgun, break the barriers of mobile graphics, leading the player to a great visual experience, even on smaller screens. Originally released as a free to play, it received a massive graphics upgrade and it’s now available for only £3 on both iOS and Android.

Number Five: Hearthstone

We mentioned how Blizzards wants to move Diablo into the mobile world but we must not forget how they’re already dominating with Hearthstone. The popular card game built originally by an ex Alexa developer is worth, currently, over 20% of Blizzard’s entire income.

4 Ways You Can Create A Great Team Of Employees

If you are serious about building a motivating and successful team of employees, then you’ll know how tough and challenging it can get. Employees will individually bring everything about who they are to your team, so finding the right individuals is vital. Depending on knowledge, values, opinions and life and work goals, your team can be both developed and taught. But, building a great team doesn’t just happen overnight. Even the most successful groups of employees can find it intimidating and confrontational at times for fear that they will no longer be accepted. If you want to create a more dynamic work team, then here are 4 things you can do.

Set Specific Goals

Whilst some may argue against this, all employees need to have a clear sense of what it is that the team are trying to achieve and what their success will look like. Team members also need clarity when it comes to their roles and have access to workflows and sufficient resources. Good leadership is vital in this sense, but there is no single right way to manage and lead a team. Your managers must be a good match and authentic, otherwise, your goals may end up not being achieved.

Carefully On-Board New Team Members

Successfully introducing new team members can instantly set them up on a path of success. Providing clear and useful information is important as then they know what to expect and have the proper resources and information which they need to properly hit the ground running.

Be sure to prepare the team for a new team member and ensure that their computer, payroll and other internal necessities are set up for their first day. It’s very hard to set a good impression to a new hire if things aren’t properly prepared for their arrival or if it takes weeks for them just to get their email address. If you have hired internationally, be sure that their visas are properly sorted in advance and if they are moving to live here with their family, be sure that you have provided them in contact with a reputable immigration lawyers London based to help with their spouse visa application.

Get Rid Of Toxic Behaviour

Conflict, toxic behaviour and dysfunctional teams spell only one thing – trouble, but they are very common in workplaces. The important thing for you is to make sure that you catch any issues at an early stage before you find it has spiralled out of control and takes its toll on your company and team culture. Many employers know that they aren’t able to ignore low-level breaches of their rules and regulations.

Set Time Aside

Time is a commodity valued by both employees and employers. When you give your team time, you are showing them that you value them. Successful and motivated teams are built on listening skills and it does take time to be able to listen to others without interrupting, especially if things get heated, but this then builds knowledge and encourages your employees to have a culture of respect.

10 Secret Things You Didn’t Know About SEO Services

When you are hired to give your customer the best SEO services that you can you should know everything about the industry. There are plenty of things that not everyone knows, so make sure that you continue to read to figure it out. Here are just 10 of the secrets of the industry that not everyone knows.

Secret Things

When it comes to SEO services in India there are plenty of secrets that not everyone knows. Regardless of whether or not you are doing the work yourself or you are hiring an expert you should know what they are. Here are some of the top secrets, including:

  1. Never search for yourself – You should never search for your own website from your own computer. Instead make sure to use the “incognito” setting on your browser so that you can get an unaffected view of where your website is in the rankings.
  2. Optimize for humans – First, you should be optimizing your website for humans to start. Once you have completed that, including through making your site responsive, then you can go ahead and do it for robots. Humans are the ones that are using the internet the most, which is why they are more important to deal with first.
  3. Don’t always use AdWords – You don’t always need to use AdWords since it might not always be the best way. There are statistics that states around 80% of viewers simply ignore the various ads that are placed on Google.
  4. Use relevant content – You should always make sure that the content that you are posting to your site is relevant. This one of the key things when it comes to SEO services since nobody is going to want to read content that isn’t relevant to what they are looking for. There are plenty of types of content that you can add to your site, such as blogs, articles, press releases, videos and more.
  5. Install and learn to use Google Analytics – One of the first things that you should be doing is to install Google Analytics and then learning how to properly use it. This is where you will find all of the information about the people who are coming to your site and how they are finding you. Here you can see the keywords that people are using and the sites that they are coming from, especially if you have plenty of links around.
  6. Use reputable methods – You should never use the methods that are less than reputable. This can be seen by Google and the other search engines and can lead to your website being blacklisted or even simply not shown on the results.
  7. Design – You want to ensure that the design that you are using for your website is optimized, which means that you need to make sure that humans can read it. Not only should it be legible, but you should make sure that you are using fonts that are easy to read, colors that don’t clash and that it is fully responsive.
  8. Featured answers and snippets – These days when you are searching for simple questions it might just come up above the other search results. This is why it is critical that you have some of these written for your company, especially if you are doing localized SEO.
  9. Use YouTube and social media – You might think that using social media and even YouTube is a waste of your time. However, these days with everyone using the internet and these platforms they are the best places. Make sure that you have profiles on all of the platforms and that you are regularly using them.
  10. Google updates – Make sure that you are getting regular updates from Google that would allow you to see where you are on the rankings. There are plenty of applications that you can use that would give you regular updates based on how frequently you want them.

It is extremely important that you know what you should be doing if you want to get to the top of the rankings in your industry. Make sure that you are hiring the experts in SEO services to help you and that you understand what secrets you can use to get you to the top of the rankings without any problems or using shady methods.

When you are thinking about hiring the experts or work in the SEO services industry, then you need to know the major secrets. Not only should you know who you need to be focused on first when it comes to your website, but also that you have it designed for all devices and computers. Also, make sure that you use social media platforms to the best of your ability and that your company has a presence there.

Posted in SEO

Choose the Best Aircon Services for Long Lasting Performance of AC

Air conditioning systems often have issues when it is getting older. The simple reason for that is the lack of professional air con services. Due to constant dust and chemicals present, air conditioner never lasts long and easily gets replaced. But there is enough solution to keep dust and chemicals stay away. When your AC shows sign of non-functional it might be the case of lack of proper air conditioning repair or aircon services. Therefore before you pay attention to your AC poor performance some facts you need to consider –

Troublesome AC Condition –

Yes, when your AC becomes ineffective it is time to assess the condition. Air conditioning system runs and can last longer as long as you keep the AC maintenance done. Trouble comes when it is outdated and hardly performs efficiently. So without delay in proceedings, if you are familiar with best aircon servicing and aircon Repair Company in Singapore then it is worth a have.

 Air conditioning system often indulges with internal dust and chemicals. Hence, clean up the inside dirt and chemicals regularly brings AC condition lot stable.

 AC Repair and Maintenance-

Often in the summer time, the need for AC becomes mandatory. Outside heat and inside sweating are making life measurable to people.  Hence, for the wellness of AC, ask the professional air con services for making AC rather work smoothly.  Air conditioning system often comes across chemicals and dust which makes AC perform below per.

 Most of the AC cases it is found that lack of air chemical wash and clean up the AC components are the main reasons for AC poor performance.

 Hire Certified and Seasoned Air con Services –

When your AC does not work smoothly, you should call upon good at aircon servicing Singapore for fixing the AC issues. Timely clean up the ac parts and components would result in more efficient and long-lasting performance.

Hiring the seasoned campaigner of aircon services would give the Ac overall condition a new lifeline. The advantages of hiring an experienced air con team are that they know the AC overall condition well.

  Air con Chemical Usages for Better AC Performance –

Air con servicing is essential for weekly clean up the entire Ac portion. It might happen that due to irregularity and non-inspection your AC condition remains far too impressive. Therefore before your Ac condition gets non- functional immediately ask certified and professional air con servicing.

  You can let the bespoke air-con servicing to start the whole clean up and chemical usage process rather marvelously. Since AC is an important electronic home appliance which you need to try and keep the ac maintenance under seasoned aircon servicing. Choosing the bespoke aircon servicing will give you that extra work satisfaction.

 They have the experience behind to successfully practice the AC repair work. You can get professional work guarantee as the aircon servicing are having worldwide happy customer’s testimonials.

Increment information of children with best portable games

Would you like to locate an ideal answer for increment information and learning capacity of your children? With regards to discovering some great help for your children, you should utilize the most recent innovation now. You will find that your child can spend quite a while in your portable and a large portion of the children truly love to play versatile recreations for quite a while. You ought not fail to understand the situation but rather you can assist your child with learning new things with portable recreations. On the off chance that you need to discover help for your child, you will discover numerous portable amusements that are ideal alternative to decide for good information and learning for children.

Best recreations to expand learning

For your cell phone, you will discover a huge number of various amusements in any application store. In the event that you are looking for the Best Kids Learning Game, you will discover alternative to browse distinctive classes. You can without much of a stretch find instructive, perplex, learning based and creature based recreations in cell phones that you can decide for your children. These diversions are extremely useful to engage your child just as to expand their insight inthe most ideal way. You can without much of a stretch pick the best amusement as indicated by theinterest of your children. On the off chance that you believe that your child adores creature characters, at that point you can without much of a stretch discover creature based amusements for your children.

These amusements are not just a great decision for the sake of entertainment and stimulation of your children yet children can without much of a stretch learn numerous new things with these recreations. To help your children in this circumstance, you need to try endeavors to locate the correct recreations for your versatile. It is difficult to scan for Best Kids Learning the Game on account of such an extensive amount assortment. You can undoubtedly discover help with surveys and appraisals of different clients and after that you can download any great diversion for your child. These recreations are accessible for various stages and you will almost certainly pick the correct diversions for your cell phone to expand information of your children.

Games, simple to download and play

With regards to downloading any learning or an instructive diversion for your children, you will discover very simple to download it. These amusements are made such that any child can without much of a stretch play it. Your children will likewise discover directions to play these diversions so they can get great tips and help to play and learn with these portable amusements. It will be an ideal decision to help your child in instruction and adapting new things. The greater part of these diversions are accessible for nothing to use in versatile.

The Most Popular 3D Modeling Services Found in Portfolios

Do you want to know more about which technologies 3d art studios use? Read this article, we’ll tell you more about polygonal, slime and NURBS modeling.

The Most Popular 3D Modeling Services Found in Portfolios

If you have no idea about the 3d modeling theory, we’ll reveal some secrets for you. However, the results of 3d visualization look similar, they were created using different techniques and methods. Some of the methods depend on software, other – on the approach. Let’s look at the most popular types of 3d modeling services.

№1 – Polygonal 3d modeling

Being invented in 1960-s this type became the 1st of the existing ones. When it appeared, 3d modelers typed height, length and width manually. These parameters are known as X, Y and Z. To create a model using this type an artist unites the ready-made polygons into one object.

Three subtypes of this method

  1. High-poly;
  2. Mid-poly;
  3. Low-poly.

Some facts about high-poly subtype

  • This method helps in creating objects looking like real ones;
  • By using high-poly 3d modeling services one can create heroes, objects and even landscapes;
  • 3dreach offers some bright examples created using this type of 3d modeling.

The facts about mid-poly subtype

  • This method is different from the previous one in the number of polygons used, it’s lower (about 30 000 – 60 000);
  • This type helps 3d art studios to save some memory in the system.

Learn the facts about low-poly modeling

  • This is the most optimized type from the three represented;
  • The number of polygons is the lowest;
  • Mobile games are usually created this way to make games light.

№2 – Spline modeling: old but still used

This type seems unprofitable. We don’t really understand why some modelers still offer such 3d modeling services. It requires much time to create an object using splines or lines, set their place and change the modification grid.

Instead of lines, one can use circles, arcs and squares, which are, all in all, created from splines. You can find the examples of this type when modelers work with landscapes, people and plants. The main (and the only) advantage is that such models don’t weight much.

№3 – NURBS modeling type

This is one more type we recommend to forget about to become more productive and modern. To get the result 3d artists draw the necessary objects with B-splines. As a result, smooth surface elements are connected with each other. However, it’s time to forget about NURBS modeling, there are some fans who use only this type.